This report was broadcast on Alsat-M news in both Macedonian and Albanian. It focuses on two themes: adaptation to climate change and irrigation. This report highlights how people can adapt to the effects of climate change by embracing new ideas: the villagers of Negorci, near the Macedonian town of Gjevgelia, are experimenting with the farming of tropical fruits as the temperatures are raising in the region. But the report also shows the problems related to irrigation, today and possibly in the next 50 years in Macedonia.
Every day we hear stories of global warming – melting glaciers, wildfires and drought. But there’s another problem, which may be even more dangerous to sea life, yet many people have never heard of it. It’s ocean acidification: the gradual change in pH as CO2 dissolves in the seas. The frightening thing is that it may already be too late to do much about it. There’s a lag in time between CO2 building up in the atmosphere and its effect on the sea. Current atmospheric levels are high enough to slow the growth of corals, and stop other animals from building shells. To learn more about the problem – and get a clear sense of what we are about to lose – John Pickrell joined Australian scientists on a marine survey vessel over the Great Barrier Reef. Here he learned that entire ecosystems could collapse along with fisheries and tourism. This story follows the desperate struggle of scientists to document changes and find solutions before it’s too late.
The Arctic has lost more than a third of its ice during the past 30 years. A record meltdown in summer 2007 shrank its sea ice down to 4.2 million square kilometers, from 7.8 million in 1980. If melting continues at this increasing rate, some scientists project that the Arctic summer could be ice-free by 2013.
Raghida Haddad was awarded by the World Federation of Science Journalists to join an international scientific expedition onboard the Canadian research icebreaker Amundsen. In July-August 2008, she navigated for two weeks in the Arctic Ocean to get first hand experience of global warming where it is unfolding the fastest, find out what research the 50 scientists were doing onboard, and relay this experience to readers. She was the first Arab journalist to go this far north and field report about meltdown and global warming.